When Are Ontario Government Leaders Ever Going To Grab On To The Idea That Heritage Preservation Can Be A Great Economic Driver – And Not An Obstacle To Economic Growth

 By Pamela Minns

“Everybody loves heritage – it is like mother and apple pie – EXCEPT when it costs money and interferes with what we call ‘progress’ “

There is only one heritage conference held in Ontario each year, so it is a big deal ! Former recent venues were Cornwall, Midland, Kingston and next year Stratford.

Our Niagara conference was held in Niagara on the Lake at the town’s beautiful Community Centre from April 30th – May 3rd, with opening and welcome Thursday night at Navy Hall. 

About 225 registered for this event, considerably less than I anticipated, given the popularity of Niagara on the Lake.

A lot happened at this conference – many speakers, bus tours, workshops, displays, networking and visits to various sites in the Region as well as AGMs at RiverBrink Art Museum in Queenston. Niagara is a perfect place for a conference of this type, with its rich history, built heritage and natural beauty.

The Keefer Inn in the Niagara, Ontario community of Thorold begain as the 19th century home of one of the region's founding families and would have been destroyed had it not been for public and private partners at the local level working to save it, and convert it into a now beloved inn and restaurant. Photo by Doug Draper

The Keefer Inn in the Niagara, Ontario community of Thorold begain as the 19th century home of one of the region’s founding families and would have been destroyed had it not been for public and private partners at the local level working to save it, and convert it into a now beloved inn and restaurant. Photo by Doug Draper

Every time I attend one of these conference, I wonder why we have them at all when the people who should attend, don’t attend. I have attended many of these events over the years and I have met many wonderful, committed people involved in heritage, many of whom are still attending conferences.

BUT we are all “the converted”. We all know the importance of saving our heritage – we work at it every day. What about those who have no interest in heritage preservation, or are involved in things like real estate, law, development, insurance, municipal councils?

They deal with matters of designated heritage properties regularly, and based on many questions I hear from this group, most do not really understand designation. Some feel there is no use for an old building and that they should all be demolished to make way for new.

Do they ever think outside the box ? Those are the people who should be at these conferences to gain an understanding and appreciation of the absolute need for preservation. Do we need more building materials in our landfills? And if we have to boil it down to money — restoration is a huge economic driver!

Not only do we not have these people at the conferences, we can’t even get Ontario’s Minister of Tourism, Culture & Sport to attend – even with begging and coaxing. By the way, culture means arts, culture and heritage….the unspoken word. The name is buried in a ministry dealing with so many other issues that we become unimportant and lost. Michael Chan, when he was Ontario’s Minister, was totally invisible; (he didn’t attend conferences either!).

We now have a new Minister, Michael Couteau, named to this post in June, 2014. He was invited to the conference more than six months ago and I would have thought he would find it absolutely imperative to attend Ontario’s only heritage conference in the position of our new minister. It should be a given ! 

A representative from his office was sent in his place. She gave a nothing speech and then left. I am sure there were many questions from the audience which went unanswered. This, again, downgrades the issue of heritage and is not a good example to set ! We need a proper position in our provincial government called Minister of Heritage ! Although legislation allows it, the Minister never chooses to intervene when a heritage site is threatened, so why am I surprised that he didn’t even attend our conference ?


What about the feds.? They do things like they did last year, announcing “Canada’s renewed commitment” to the National Historic Sites cost-sharing program with total funding available of $1 million. This is a total disgrace — there are over 950 National Historic Sites across Canada – and many of these are reported in extremely poor condition. These places shape our identity, create jobs and attract tourist dollars.


Most politicians who show up to open these conferences disappear after they have delivered their “words of wisdom”, instead of sticking around and investigating to see if there might be something in this “thing called heritage” that so many people are passionate about !

Oh, and by the way, the province, in their wisdom, a few years ago totally ignored the fact that the third Monday in February is and has been heritage day for all these years; they took it completely off the calendar, now calling it Family Day.   I, of course, am a member of a family and it is a nice day to have, but was this the way to do it ! and why scoop up Heritage Day? – obviously the province didn’t care about it and have never made any explanations “why” – appeals go by unnoticed – again, another downgrade to heritage and our volunteers.

With the lack of provincial and federal Government support it is no wonder that heritage volunteers feel that after the installation of the Ontario Heritage Act 1974, and its amendment in 2005, along with the Tool Kit issued by the Ministry in 2006, that we have been deserted and left to fend for ourselves. By the way, check out this famous Tool Kit – it lists all the duties of a heritage volunteer – it is overwhelming – sounds like a full-time job to me, with no on-the-job training.


We don’t seem to count, but the government loves to use the statistics that we work to supply – like how many designations have occurred !


Some volunteers I know have given up . They are tired. They lack support and the worthwhile tools needed to help sell the idea of designation .

For example, some incentives to help designated heritage property owners in the often onerous and expensive job of restoration of their properties. These property owners make a commitment, contribute to our history and have agreed to preserve their properties for present and future generations.

Oh, sorry I forgot there is one incentive which was legislated a number of years ago for designated property owners in the way of a municipal tax reduction which can be between 10– 40 per cent.

We have 414 municipalities in the province of Ontario and 41 of them take part in this program… that is 9.9% of our communities; I would say this plan is a total flop. The Ministry states that the plan covers 41% of Ontario’s population – guess what – they are including Toronto – this statistic doesn’t hold water ! What we should have had, and what was suggested, was a separate tax class for designated heritage properties. That might have worked !

Out of the 414 municipalities we have 152 Municipal Heritage Committees in place – that is only 36.7% of our communities – not even half. The Ministry states this is 91% of the population – and guess what – again, this includes the City of Toronto.   It looks like Community Heritage Ontario has their work cut out for them, being the umbrella organization for these local committees.  

Part of their Mission Statement says : “To encourage the development of municipally-appointed heritage advisory committees”

So, CHO, we need more Municipal Heritage Committees in Ontario; this statistic is pathetic….surely you can’t be satisfied with it !

I have made a list over the years entitled “The Weakening Position of Heritage in Canada” and I have reached #54 in this list. Nothing has changed since I started doing this work some 30 years ago – in fact, the position of heritage is weaker.

In my own community we have worked very hard and have moved ahead, but because we have no support from the province or Feds. it is always a walk uphill ! – and we are all volunteers, contributing our time, expertise and I might say, money ! Volunteering always costs money !

At the conference we had an excellent keynote speaker in the name of Jennifer Keesmaat, Chief Planner for the City of Toronto – one of the best speakers I have ever heard and she said that at the outset of negotiations with a developer, City Planning states that the policy is that heritage buildings must be retained in full – that is, integration of the whole building into the new development – and further, that it must be enhanced, not just saved ! — and she gave examples of this. This policy has forced good negotiation, tenacity and “thinking outside the box” !

The Ontario Heritage Act was legislated in 1974, and in a CHO newsletter of January 2014, it is reported that under Part IV of the Ontario Heritage Act (single sites), 6,600 by-laws have been passed in Ontario protecting the cultural heritage value of these properties. As well, under Part V of the Act (heritage conservation districts) there are 18,500 properties protected – that is, all over Ontario. W O W!

All I can say is “hurrah for our passionate volunteers “– without them, all of this would never have happened and — further……. my belief is that without our volunteers the whole “heritage movement” (for lack of another name) would fall apart and come to a quick halt.

Regional Niagara named four pillars for a complete Niagara :

  • Environment – Economic – Social – Culture –

Again culture means – arts, culture and heritage

       Heritage – the unspoken word !

 I can’t end this without a word from Richard Moe – he has written books, he is head of the National Trust for Historic Preservation in the U.S., former Chief of Staff for VP Walter Mondale, Member of the Carter Senior Staff, and he said…..

“……saving and celebrating the history and traditions of a community – those (are the) characteristics that make every community unique, appealing and livable…..and it is becoming increasingly apparent that community livability is the key to community survival. It is an economic imperative !

Pamela Minns is a Niagara, Ontario resident and long-time advocate for protecting and preserving heritage sites in the greater Niagara region. 

(Visit Niagara At Large at http://www.niagaraatlarge.com for more news and commentary on matters of interest and concern to resident in our greater Niagara region and beyond.)


2 responses to “When Are Ontario Government Leaders Ever Going To Grab On To The Idea That Heritage Preservation Can Be A Great Economic Driver – And Not An Obstacle To Economic Growth

  1. Gail Benjafield

    This is long, but so spot on topic. The Ontario Government has nothing but disdain for Heritage, burying it under the umbrella of Culture, and, oh dear, Tourism. It was once matched with Sports as well. The previous Minister Michael Chan was a hopeless case, never once answering email, snail mail, anything, and the replacement appears no better.


  2. Rosemary Drage Hale

    Once again, Pam Minns, a true champion for Heritage, speaks the truth, and as ever, beautifully and passionately. We need to thank her for her ceaseless dedication. I won’t say “tireless” because I bet she gets mighty tired of the facts that she laid out for us. What I want to do is thank her with hope in my heart that someday, they will listen. And, Doug, thank you for posting this very worthy article — asking the all-important question.


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